Science of the Health Effects of Fibers

An introduction to fiber biology, chemistry, and physics

Is there a Scienctific Question?

Before we ask why different kinds of fibers yield different responses when people or laboratory animals are exposed to them, we need to show that there really is a big difference that needs a scientific explanation. There are now several studies available that show these differences clearly including these results from chronic inhalation studies. Our Fiber science page is an introduction to the biology, chemistry, and physics of fibers in the lung.

Dissolution Rate Calculator

The theory behind the fiber dissolution rate calculator is from composition has been published in a series of papers and will be outlined here. It is based on the Arrhenius equation in which the logarithm of a reaction rate constant is proportional to the free energy required to initiate the process.

About the Authors

The following people (in alphabetical order) are the authors of the scientific information and the papers that are displayed here:

  • Walter Eastes, Ph.D., physical chemistry
  • John Hadley, Ph.D., physiology and pharmacology
  • Stephanie Mattson, Ph.D. geochemistry
  • Russell Potter, Ph.D., geochemistry

The authors are grateful to these colleagues who performed many of the dissolution rate measurements presented in these pages:

  • Claire Hunkins, B.S. animal science
  • Cheryl Smith, B.A., chemistry, botany, and microbiology

Their mailing address is:

Owens Corning Science and Technology Center
2790 Columbus Road, Route 16
Granville, OH 43023-1200 U.S.A.